Updated 7 a.m. Eastern with details from post-docking briefing.
WASHINGTON — A SpaceX Crew Dragon spacecraft with four astronauts on board successfully docked with the International Space Station Nov. 16, a day after launch on the first operational commercial crew mission.
The spacecraft, named “Resilience,” docked with the station’s Node 2, or Harmony, module at 11:01 p.m. Eastern. Hatches separating the station and spacecraft were scheduled to open two hours later.
The spacecraft, with NASA astronauts Mike Hopkins, Vic Glover, Shannon Walker, and JAXA astronaut Soichi Noguchi on board, launched Nov. 15 from the Kennedy Space Center on the Crew-1 mission. Docking took place approximately 27 and a half hours after liftoff from Launch Complex 39A.
The spacecraft performed well other than some minor problems, such as heaters in a propellant line for one set of Draco thrusters that were not working after the spacecraft reached orbit. After changing some limits that NASA officials said were initially set “tightly,” the heaters started working.
“SpaceX was very quick to identify the cause of it. It was barely out of spec,” said Ven Feng, deputy manager of NASA’s commercial crew program, during a post-docking briefing. “Everything was fine afterwards.”
The four astronauts on Crew-1 join NASA astronaut Kate Rubins and Roscosmos cosmonauts Sergey Ryzhikov and Sergey Kud-Sverchkov, who have been on the ISS since arriving on a Soyuz spacecraft in October.
Crew-1 marks the beginning of operational flights to and from the ISS on commercial crew vehicles. The spacecraft will remain docked to the station for six months, with the four astronauts returning home shortly after the launch of the Crew-2 mission on another Crew Dragon spacecraft next spring.
“Congratulations. This is a new era of operational flights to the International Space Station from the Florida coast,” Hopkins, the commander of the mission, said shortly after docking.
Besides ending reliance on Russia’s Soyuz spacecraft for getting crews to and from the station, commercial crew vehicles like Crew Dragon will enable the station to support seven-person crews for long-duration missions. NASA has touted the additional science that the additional crewmember will be able to perform.
“NASA, with American industry, has developed these commercial vehicles that will allow us to bring more people to low Earth orbit, bring more people to the International Space Station, allow us to do more science in low Earth orbit and allow more commercial opportunities,” Joel Montalbano, manager of the ISS program at NASA, said at a Nov. 13 prelaunch briefing.
He explained at the post-docking briefing with three astronauts on the U.S. segment, NASA and its partners average 35 hours a week of research time. With a fourth astronaut, that should double to 70 hours. “That person’s equivalent time is devoted to science, utilization and research,” he said.
“Joel’s got a whole list of items that he wants these crewmembers to start working on,” Kathy Lueders, NASA associate administrator for human exploration and operations, said at the post-docking briefing. The station has had, for months at a time this year, only a single NASA astronaut on board. “He’s got a backlog of work and science that he needs them to go get done.”