NASA’s Gamma-Ray Space Telescope Readied for Launch

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  Space News Business

NASA’s Gamma-Ray Space Telescope Readied for Launch

By TARIQ MALIK
Space News Correspondent
posted: 02 June 2008
01:44 pm ET





New York –
NASA’s newest space telescope is gearing up for a planned June 3 launch to hunt for the most extreme and energetic objects in the universe.

 

The Gamma-ray Large Area Space Telescope (GLAST) is poised to launch
atop a Delta 2 rocket at 11:45 a.m. EDT June 3
�from the Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in Florida.

 

Mission scientists hope the new $690 million gamma ray observatory will discover
�the origins of cosmic rays and shed new light on the mysteries of dark matter, supermassive black holes and pulsars among other phenomena. The space telescope
also is built to help track gamma ray bursts – the most powerful explosions in the universe – and
�researchers hope it will
�help scientists test the laws of physics while seeking out new ones.

 

“We’re getting pretty excited about the launch next week,” said Peter Michelson, principal investigator for GLAST’s Large Area Telescope at Stanford University, in a May 27
teleconference.

The
4,303-kilogram
�space telescope
�originally was slated to lift off May 16, but NASA was forced to postpone the launch due to equipment damage caused during the installation of the Delta 2’s second stage
.

 

GLAST carries two primary telescopes to scan the entire night sky every three hours in the gamma ray range, a region of the spectrum beyond the visible range of the human eye. Its five-year mission will join NASA’s Swift gamma ray telescope and Europe’s Integral satellite in orbit, and follows the Compton Gamma Ray Observatory, which de
orbited in 2000.

 

“The gamma ray sky is incredibly variable,” said GLAST project scientist Steve Ritz of NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Md. “Things are changing all the time.”

 

The observatory’s Large Area Telescope is designed to map gamma ray sources in unprecedented detail, which researchers hope will trace the origins of signals discovered earlier by previous spacecraft.

 

A second tool, the GLAST Burst Detector, is expected to serve as a gamma ray burst lookout. It should automatically alert researchers on Earth when an explosion is detected or swing the entire observatory around to aim its main telescope at the event, mission scientists said.

 

But it is the lure of the unknown finds that could stem from GLAST that has some mission scientists cha
mping at the bit.

 

“The most important thing for us is the surprises that we expect to find,” Ritz said.

 

The GLAST observatory has a nearly two-hour window to launch from the Air Force Station June 3
, but only if NASA’s Space Shuttle Discovery launches on time May 31
from the agency’s nearby Kennedy Space Center. The Eastern launch range that includes the Air Force Station and Kennedy Space Center typically requires about 48 hours between launches to reset for a new space shot.

 

Discovery is poised for launch to
�the international space station at 5:02 p.m. EDT
May 31. It will be carrying Japan’s massive Kibo module, a new research laboratory the size of a large tour bus.

Comments: tmalik@space.com