NASA’s Kepler space telescope has resumed its search for alien planets after resting for 10 days to work out kinks in its attitude control system, mission officials announced Jan. 29.
Kepler went into a protective safe mode Jan. 17 after engineers detected elevated friction levels in one of its reaction wheels — devices that maintain the observatory’s position in space. Engineers spun the wheels down to zero speed, hoping the break would redistribute lubricant and bring the friction back down to normal.
That phase is now over and Kepler is back in action, though it will take time to determine if the problem is solved.
Kepler began coming out of safe mode Jan. 27 at 2:30 p.m. EST and started collecting science data again Jan. 28 at 8 p.m. EST, officials wrote in a mission update.
“The spacecraft responded well to commands and transitioned from thruster control to reaction wheel control as planned,” Kepler mission manager Roger Hunter wrote in the update. “During the 10-day resting safe mode, daily health and status checks with the spacecraft using NASA’s Deep Space Network were normal.”
Kepler finds exoplanets by detecting the telltale brightness dips caused when they pass in front of their parent stars from the instrument’s perspective. The telescope requires three functioning reaction wheels to stay locked onto its roughly 150,000 target stars.
When Kepler launched in March 2009, it had four reaction wheels — three for immediate use, and one spare. But one wheel failed in July 2012, so another wheel failure could end the $600 million Kepler mission.
“Over the next month, the engineering team will review the performance of reaction wheel No. 4 before, during and after the safe mode to determine the efficacy of the rest operation,” Hunter wrote.
The wheel has acted up before without causing serious problems.
“Reaction wheel No. 4 has been something of a free spirit since launch, with a variety of friction signatures, none of which look like reaction wheel No. 2, and all of which disappeared on their own after a time,” Hunter wrote.