The programmes tabled for decisions at ESA’s Council meeting at
ministerial level, held in Edinburgh on 14 and 15 November, covered the
Level of Resources (Science and General Budget), Earth Observation,
Telecommunication technology and Satellite Navigation, the International
Space Station, Launchers and the start of a new European long-term
initiative for the robotic and human exploration of the Solar System.


The Level of Resources determines the funding available for the basic
activities of the General Budget and for the Science Programme.

The General Budget:

The General Budget covers corporate and administrative costs, technical
activities such as the basic General Studies and Technological Research
Programmes, plus Earthnet and Education (funding of fellowships, etc.).

The total allocated to General Budget for the period 2002-2006 amounts to
EUR 825m.

The Science Programme

The funding for the next five years covers:

– maintenance of plans for scientific missions already launched (Hubble
Space Telescope, Ulysses, Cluster II, SOHO, Huygens/Cassini, XMM-Newton)

– approved scientific missions in the development phase (Integral,
Rosetta, Mars Express, Smart-1, Herschel-Planck)

– new missions under study or to be chosen and initiated in this period
(i.e. the Cornerstones BepiColombo, GAIA and LISA – with Smart-2, and the
Solar Orbiter flexi-mission)

The total contribution to the Science Programme for 2002-2006 amounts to
EUR 1869m.


EOEP-2 Earth Observation Envelope Programme
EOEP implements Earth Explorer core and opportunity missions and also
funds mission exploitation, instrument predevelopment and support for
market development.

Earth explorer missions such as Cryosat, the Gravity field and steady
state Ocean Circulation Explorer (GOCE), the Soil Moisture Ocean Salinity
(SMOS) and the initiation of full implementation of the Atmospheric
Dynamics Mission (ADM-Aeolus) are major achievements of the first phase of
this programme.

The second phase, EOEP-2, will give the Earth Science community and
industry a stable outlook in which one new mission will be launched every
year. It will also cover preparation of Earth Watch missions.
The financial commitments from member states for EOEP-2 amount to EUR
926.44m for the period 2003 -2007.

Earth Watch

The Earth Watch initiative will include a number of Earth Observation
missions supporting public and private-sector applications such as
mapping, natural resource management, major risks and security, geology
etc. Earth Watch will also cover the requirements of the GMES initiative,
currently being drawn up with the European Commission, addressing in
particular global change, natural and man-made hazards, environmental
stress and monitoring of treaty commitments.

The financial commitments from member states for Earth Watch Slice 1 cover
the period 2002-2006:

– GMES service elements: EUR 83m.

– thematic L/X SAR element based on the joint proposal from the British
and German space agencies (BNSC/DLR) for Infoterra/TerraSAR: EUR 25m.

– consolidation of the infrared element based on the Spanish CDTI Fuegosat
proposal: EUR 9m.


Advanced Research in Telecommunication Systems (ARTES) programme
Several actions/projects have been identified to further increase the
competitiveness of European industry in satellite telecommunications, many
of which are the continuation and amplification of ongoing activities
within ESA’s Advanced Research in Telecommunication Systems (ARTES)

ARTES 1: Preliminary Studies and Investigations:

Funding for 2002-2006: EUR 27.22m

ARTES 3: Satellite Multimedia (will also cover mobility and
inter-satellite links)

Funding for 2002-2006: EUR 213.3m

ARTES 4: ESA/Industry Telecommunications Partnership (will deal with part
of technology and user segment activities)

Funding for 2002-2006: EUR 165.3m

ARTES 5: Advanced Systems and Telecommunications Equipment (consists of
technology, user segment and in-orbit demonstration)

Funding for 2002-2006: EUR 53.85m

ARTES 8: Large Platform programme

Funding for 2002-2006: EUR 133.85m

Additional funding for ARTES activities: EUR 350m

Galileo: Europe’s global navigation system

Galileo is a joint initiative of the European Commission and ESA and will
deploy a full constellation of navigation satellites by the end of 2008,
with superior technical and operational capabilities compared with the
American GPS and the Russian Glonass systems.

After a Definition Phase (end 1999 – end 2000) devoted to the overall
system design, Galileo enters now the Development and Validation Phase
(2001-2005). The in-orbit validation of the system is based on the
deployment of a limited constellation of 3 to 5 satellites and a
representative ground control segment and test receivers.

ESA’s contribution to the Development and Validation Phase is EUR 527.87m.
A similar contribution is to come from the European Union in December.

The full Galileo system will consist of some 30 satellites in medium Earth
orbit at 24 000 km, and the associated ground infrastructure. The cost of
the overall Galileo project is estimated at some EUR 3 bn. Financial
schemes for the deployment and operational phase are being worked on


ISS Exploitation Programme Continuation

The objectives of the programme are to develop European operational
capabilities in key areas required for long-term human space exploration,
build up the know-how necessary to master the operations of a complex
human outpost in space, and support ISS use by the European user

Exploitation Period 1 (2002-2006) covers activities such as partial
funding of the first Ariane 5 and full procurement of the third Ariane 5
for the ATV, plus ATV procurement activities, including the first ATV
production unit.

Period 1 of ISS exploitation is composed of fixed and variable cost
activities to be undertaken in the period 2002-2006. The financial
availability for this programme amounts to EUR 846.69m.

Manned Spaceflight Studies, Technology and Evolution Preparation (STEP)
The objectives are the improvement of existing ISS services, reduction of
operational costs and the preparation of future infrastructure
capabilities. It is conceived as a framework programme structured in
periods of three years with contributions on a “pay as you go” basis.

The first three-year period of activities (2002-2004) is funded with EUR

ISS Commercialisation utilisation programme

This programme has the objective to lay the foundation for commercial
utilisation of the ISS, stimulate commercial utilisation to generate
revenues and thus reduce contributions payable by participants in the ISS
exploitation programme, and promote the image of the ISS to attract a
larger community of users.
Will be submitted for approval at the time of clarification of the overall
ISS situation.

ISS additional flight opportunities programme

The objectives of this programme are those to maintaining and developing
an active and experienced European Astronauts Corps, offering further
flight opportunities.

The programme, which envisages the procurement from Russia of 4 Soyuz
flights to and from the ISS in the period 2003-2006, will be submitted for
approval in connection with the submission of the European astronaut
policy in spring next year.

ELIPS Programme

The objectives are to maximise the benefits to society of ISS utilisation,
promote European competence and competitiveness in life and physical
sciences, pursue basic scientific research in life and physical sciences
and also industrial and commercial applications in space, and set up a
coherent framework for European activity in this area.

The financial envelope for Period 1 of the programme (2002-2006) amounts
to EUR 166.52m at 2001 e.c.


Ariane 5 Research and Technology Accompaniment (ARTA 5) programme
The objectives of the ARTA 5 programme are to maintain the reliability and
level of qualification of the Ariane 5 launcher throughout its operational
life, to eliminate design flaws and weaknesses appearing during
operational use, and to improve knowledge about the functional behaviour
of the launcher in flight.

The 4-year extension of the ARTA 5 programme (2003-2006) is funded with
EUR 302.97m (2001 e.c).

Ariane 5 Infrastructure

The programme, meeting the fixed costs of the ELA2 (Ensemble de lancement
N* 2) and ELA3 launch complex facilities, covers the period 2002-2004.
This 3-year extension sees a budget of EUR 131.45 (2001 e.c.).

CSG (Centre Spatial Guyanais/Guiana Space Centre)

The agreement on CSG management and funding has until now covered the
upkeep and operating costs of the CSG range facilities to ensure long-term
stability of strategic investment in Europe’s assured access to space.
The new proposal covering the fixed costs of the CSG for the 5-year
period 2002-2006 involves a budget of EUR 423.2m (2001 e.c.).

Ariane 5 Plus

The objective of this programme is to make Ariane 5 evolve and to keep it
competitive on the world market by increasing its performance and
versatility and bringing the launch price down.

The Ariane 5 Plus programme was broken down into three steps. The first
step, decided at the Council meeting in June 1998, covered the first year
of activities. The second was decided at the Council meeting at
Ministerial level in 1999 and covered initial development of the Vinci
engine, initial ground segment upgrade and full development of the
versatile version of the existing upper stage, together with completion of
the Ariane 5 EC-A version (first launch planned for mid 2002), bringing
its lift capacity in geostationary transfer orbit to 9 tonnes.

The third step will complete the programme, and will see completion of
Vinci engine development, completion of the ground segment upgrade,
completion of the Ariane 5 EC-B version and first launch of this version
(planned fro 2006) bringing the GTO lift capacity to 12 tonnes.

The completion of the Ariane 5 Plus programme has a budget allocation of
EUR 699.14m (2001 e.c.).


Aimed at developing a European long-term plan for the robotic and human
exploration of bodies in the Solar System, in particular those holding
promise for traces of life, the Aurora programme activities will be
pursued in co-ordination with European and international partners. In the
three-year preparatory period, relevant technologies and mission scenarios
will be developed.

The overall financial commitment for the first three-year period is EUR
14.1m (2001 e.c.)

Summary of optional programmes

EARTH OBSERVATION	                           EURm
EOPP, phase 2 (2003-2007).......................   926.44

Earth Watch, slice 1 (2002-2006)
- GMES service elements.........................    82.9
- L/X SAR Infoterra/Terrasar (BNSC/DLR).........    25
- IR element Fuegosat (CDTI)	................    10

ARTES programme
- ARTES 1, preliminary studies and
investigations (2002-2006)......................    27.22
- ARTES 3, satellite multimedia (2002-2006).....   213.30
- ARTES 4, ESA/industry telecommunications
partnerships (2002-2006)........................   165.30
- ARTES 5, Advanced systems and
telecom equipment (2002-2006)...................    53.85
- ARTES 8, Large Platform mission (2002-2006)...   133.85
- Additional funding for ARTES activities.......   350

-Design Development and Validation phase
(2001-2005).....................................   527.87

ISS exploitation Programme
continuation (2002-2006)........................   846.69
ISS Studies Technology and Evolution
Prep. Prog. (STEP) (2002-2004)..................    12.40
European Prog. for Life and Physical
Sciences (ELIPS) (2002-2006)....................   166.50

Ariane 5 Research and Techn. Accompaniment
progr. (ARTA) (2003-2006).......................   302.97
Ariane 5 infrastructure (2002-2004).............   131.45
CSG funding (2002-2006).........................   423.20
Ariane 5 Plus (third step)......................   699.14

ARORA exploration programme
First period ...................................    14.10

Mandatory Programmes
Level of Resources (2002-2006)
Science.........................................  1869
General Budget..................................   825