NASA doled out $14 million to fund 12 projects that will study the effects of long-term spaceflight on human health.

NASA said in a June 2 statement that “the selected investigations address astronaut health and performance risks for future space exploration missions.”

NASA, together with the agency-funded National Space Biomedical Research Institute (NSBRI), Houston, considered 85 proposals in a five-month selection process that ended April 30. Winners were publicly announced in May. Grant awards will be paid out during a three- to four-year period, NASA said.

NASA will manage 10 of the selected projects and NSBRI will manage the other two.