Shavit launch of Ofek 16
A Shavit rocket lifts off July 5 carrying the Ofek 16 reconnaissance satellite for the Israeli military. Credit: Israeli Ministry of Defense

WASHINGTON — Israel launched the latest in a series of reconnaissance satellites July 5 on the country’s Shavit rocket.

In a July 6 statement, Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI) and the Israeli Ministry of Defense announced the successful launch of the Ofek 16 satellite. The satellite launched on a Shavit rocket that lifted off at 9:00 p.m. Eastern July 5 (4:00 a.m. July 6 local time) from the Palmachim air base in central Israel.

According to the statement, Ofek 16 reached orbit successfully and is in communication with controllers. In-orbit testing of the satellite is underway to check out the satellite before putting it into service.

Ofek 16 is described as an electro-optical reconnaissance satellite “with advanced capabilities.” IAI, which built both the satellite and the Shavit launch vehicle, didn’t describe what those advanced capabilities are. Previous versions of the Ofek satellite are believed to produce imagery at a resolution of half a meter or better.

The satellite is the latest in a series of Israeli optical and radar reconnaissance satellites, built and launched in the country, dating back a quarter-century. The previous satellite in the Ofek series, Ofek 11, launched in September 2016. It’s not clear why there is a gap in the numbering scheme.

“Technological superiority and intelligence capabilities are essential to the security of the State of Israel,” Benny Gantz, Israeli defense minister, said in the statement, calling the launch an “extraordinary achievement” for the country’s defense industry.

This was also the first launch since 2016 of the Shavit, a solid-fuel rocket built by IAI and based on technologies developed for ballistic missiles. Shavit can place up to 380 kilograms into orbit launching from Palmachim, its performance penalized for having to launch to the west, against the rotation of the Earth, so that its trajectory takes it out over the Mediterranean Sea.

Jeff Foust writes about space policy, commercial space, and related topics for SpaceNews. He earned a Ph.D. in planetary sciences from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and a bachelor’s degree with honors in geophysics and planetary science...