July 30


U.S. President Dwight Eisenhower requests $125 million to initiate NASA, whose creation he had authorized the day before.

Aug. 1


Designed by Scaled Composites and built by Boeing, the eventual carrier plane for the X Prize winning SpaceShipOne, White Knight makes its first flight.

Aug. 2


Leonid Sedov, a Soviet scientist, announces his country’s plan to launch the world’s first

Earth-orbiting satellite. The Soviet announcement comes three days after a similar announcement by the United States


Aug. 3


NASA’s Messenger spacecraft

launches toward Mercury. It

is scheduled to arrive

in early 2008, and will

be the first spacecraft since Mariner 10 in the mid-1970s to take close-up photographs of Mercury while orbiting the planet


Aug. 5


The first ground test of S-IC stage,

Saturn 5’s booster


is conducted at NASA’s Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Ala.