This Week In Space History


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This Week In Space History

posted: 22 July 2008
04:30 pm ET

July 21����

1958: The U.S. House of Representatives establishes the Standing Committee on Science and Astronautics. Three days later, the U.S. Senate established the Standing Committee on Aeronautical and Space Sciences.

July 22�����

1962: NASA launches the Mariner 1 space probe on an Atlas-Agena B rocket from Cape Canaveral, Planned as a flyby mission to Venus, the probe was destroyed almost 5 minutes after liftoff by the range safety officer after the rocket flew off-course.

July 23

1930: Hungarian-born rocket scientist Hermann Oberth successfully tests his cone-shaped, liquid-oxygen and gasoline-fueled rocket motor for the director of ‘s State Chemical-Technical Institute.

1945: Life Magazine publishes illustrations of a space station concept developed by Wernher von Braun’s Peenem�nde, Germany-based rocket development team.

1972: NASA’s Landsat 1, the first in a series of remote sensing satellites, launches on a Delta rocket from Vandenberg Air Force Base,

1980: Vietnamese cosmonaut Pham Taum lifts off on a Soviet Soyuz rocket launched from BaikonurCosmodrome, becoming the first person not from the United States, or an Eastern Bloc nation to go to space.

1999: Astronaut Eileen Collins becomes the first woman to command a space mission. Collins and the STS-93 crew launched NASA’s Space Shuttle Columbia from , on a five- day mission, during which they released NASA’s Chandra X-Ray Observatory.

July 24�����

1950: , hosts its first rocket launch. The Bumper launch vehicle consisted of a V-2 first stage and a U.S. Army Wac Corporal second stage.

1992: The joint Japan-U.S. Geotail satellite, designed to study Earth’s magnetic field, launches on a Delta 2 rocket from

July 25�����

1973:The Soviet Union Cosmodrome on a Proton rocket to study the red planet. The orbiter operated for only a few days due to a transmitter malfunction. The retrorockets on the similar Mars 4 spacecraft, which launched four days earlier, failed, causing the intended orbiter to fly past the red planet.

July 26

1963: NASA’s Syncom 2 communications satellite, the first successful geosynchronous satellite according to NASA, launches on a Thor-Delta rocket from

1971: NASA’s Apollo 15 launches to the Moon on a Saturn 5 rocket from Cape Canaveral, During their mission, David Scott and James Irwin became the first astronauts to drive a lunar rover on the Moon.

2005: Marking the first shuttle flight since the February 2003 accident, NASA’s Space Shuttle Discovery launches from Cape Canaveral,