July 16


China launches eight amateur radio communications satellites, including Pakistan’s first satellite, aboard the first flight of its Long March 2E rocket. Badr-A descends back to Earth after just 146 days.

July 17


Robert Goddard, sometimes referred to as the “Father of Modern Rocketry,” launches a rocket that carries with it the first set of scientific tools – a barometer and a camera – in Auburn, Mass. The launch was Goddard’s fourth.


The U.S.S.R.

launches the Soyuz-T 12 as a three-person visiting crew to the Salyut space station. Flight engineer Svetlana Savitskaya becomes the first woman to perform a spacewalk and the first to make a second space


July 18


The U.S.S.R. launches the Zond 3, which photographs the far side of the Moon. The photos are transmitted back to Earth

nine days later.


Gemini 10 launches aboard a Titan rocket to orbit the Earth. Astronauts John Young and Michael Collins met their primary objective to intercept and dock with the Mercury Agena target vehicle.


India launches its first Earth-orbiting satellite, Rohini 1. By using its home-developed Satellite Launch Vehicle, India becomes the seventh nation capable of sending objects into space by itself.

July 20


NASA launches the Sert 1 aboard a Scout X-4 rocket. The suborbital successfully tested the performance of the Sert ion engine in space.