June 23


A Soyuz launch vehicle lofts Russia’s Resurs F-15 remote-sensing satellite from PlesetskCosmodrome.

June 24


U.S. President John Kennedy sends a letter to Vice President Lyndon Johnson directing him to consolidate the nation’s communications satellite program, noting it is a priority for the public’s interest. A year later,

the Communications Act of 1962 was passed, which led to the creation of the Communications Satellite Corp

. (Comsat)

in 1963.


The Soviet Union launches Salyut 3, its first military space station,

on a Proton rocket from BaikonurCosmodrome. The Soviet military space stations also were known as Almaz.



Far Ultraviolet Spectroscopic Explorer (FUSE) satellite

launches on a Delta 2 rocket from Cape Canaveral, Fla. The space telescope, a project led by NASA with contributions from the Canadian Space Agency and the French Space Agency, CNES, used far ultraviolet wavelengths to study the density of the early universe.

June 25


Construction begins

on the U.S. Army White Sands Proving Ground in New Mexico, a missile testing facility now called White Sands Missile Range.


The U.S. Air Force establishes the Aerospace Corp., a not-for-profit federally funded research and development center

, to provide independent engineering consultation for U.S. military space programs.


An unmanned Russian Progress cargo ship collides with and

breaches the hull of Russia’s Mir space station

during a docking maneuver. Russian cosmonauts Alexander Lazutkin and VasilyTsibliev and U.S. astronaut Mike Foale remained aboard and

saved the damaged facility.

June 26


The U.S. Congress authorizes the establishment of a third National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics experimental facility. The

Aircraft Engine Research Laboratory in Cleveland is now the NASA

Glenn Research Center.


NASA’s Seasar, an ocean-monitoring satellite, launches on an Atlas-Agena rocket from Vandenberg Air Force Base, Calif.


Orbview-3, Orbital Imaging Corp.’s high-resolution imaging satellite,


on a Pegasus rocket from Vandenberg Air Force Base, Calif.

June 27


The third launch attempt of the Soviet Union’s N1 rocket, designed as the launch vehicle for the Soviet manned Moon program, from

BaikonurCosmodrome fails 50.1 seconds after liftoff.


NASA’s Space Shuttle Columbia launches from Kennedy Space Center, Fla., during

the last shuttle test flight. During the STS-4 mission astronauts Thomas Mattingly and Henry Hartsfield

placed a classified military payload in orbit.

June 28


The U.S. National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics authorizes the establishment Langley Research Center in Hampton, Va.,

the first research facility for the NASA predecessor


June 29


NASA’s Biosatellite 3 launches on a Delta rocket from Cape Canaveral, Fla., on a 30-day mission to study the long-term effects of weightlessness on the physiology of a pig-tailed monkey named Bonnie. The spacecraft was deorbited after only nine days when Bonnie’s vital signs rapidly deteriorated. Bonnie

died eight hours after the spacecraft was recovered.