The U.S. Navy’s Vanguard 1 satellite launches on a three-stage Vanguard rocket from Cape Canaveral, Fla. The scientific satellite collected geodetic measurements of the Earth. The satellite’s successful launch helped atone for the publicly televised failure of the first Vanguard launch in December 1957.
The U.S. and German Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment (GRACE) satellites are launched by a Rockot booster from PlesetskCosmodrome in northern Russia. The twin satellites have taken precise measures of the Earth’s gravitational field.
The Soviet Union’s second-generation manned orbiter Voskhod 2 launches from the BaikonurCosmodrome on a Soyuz rocket carrying cosmonauts PavelBelyayev and AleskseyLenonov. During the 16-orbit flight, Lenonov conducts the first spacewalk.
A Sea Launch Zenit-3SL rocket launches XM Satellite Radio’s XM-2 satellite from its Odyssey platform in the Pacific Ocean.
The joint U.S. Air Force-NASA X-24A plane completes
�its first powered flight from NASA Dryden in Edwards, Calif.
�The X-24A was built by Martin Marietta and piloted by Air Force Maj. Jerauld Gentry. The plane’s
lifting body design
eventually was used
in the design of the space shuttle.
China’s Asiasat 3S communications satellite is launched on a Russian Proton rocket from the BaikonurCosmodrome in Kazakhstan.
An Ariane 5 rocket launches WorldSpace’sAsiaStar digital-radio broadcast satellite and India’s Insat 3B telecommunications satellite from Kourou, French Guiana.
Space Exploration Technologies’ Falcon 1 rocket fails to orbit due to premature engine shutdown on its second demonstration flight.
Soviet cosmonaut ValentinVasilyevichBondarenko is killed during a
training exercise when the
pure oxygen pressure chamber of the Vostok simulator
�catches fire .
NASA’s Gemini 3 launches on a Titan 2 rocket from Kennedy Space Center, Fla., carrying astronauts Virgil Grissom and John Young on a three-orbit test flight. It was the first manned test flight for the two-manned spacecraft.