Five communications satellites launch into low Earth orbit on board a 2 rocket from California’s Vandenberg Air Force Base.
The Soviet Union launches the unmanned probe Venera 1 to Venus. Though it failed to enter the planet’s orbit, it became the first spacecraft to
make a flyby of
Venus on its way to orbiting the sun.
NASA’s Near Earth Asteroid Rendezvous mission lands on the asteroid Eros
to gather information on its
composition, mass, geology and gravity.
The Soviet Union launches the unmanned spacecraft Luna 20, which successfully completes
a soft landing on the Moon and returns
soil samples back to the Earth.
James E. Webb is sworn in as NASA Administrator, replacing
T. Keith Glennan, the first person appointed
Sea Launch lofts the direct-broadcast television satellite Echostar 10 on a Zenit-3SL rocket from its Odyssey ocean-faring platform in the Pacific Ocean.
Japan launches its Tansei satellite on an M-4S-2 launch vehicle from the Kagoshima Space Center. The launch
was a test for the M-4S-2
for satellite performance
The U.S. Navy’s Vanguard 2 satellite launches from Cape Canaveral, Fla., on a Vanguard rocket.
The satellite –
designed to measure cloud-cover from
orbit – produced the first series of satellite photographs of Earth.
NASA launches five nearly identical probes in its Time History of Events and Macroscale Interactions
during Substorms, or THEMIS, mission. Launched from Florida’s Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, the mission was designed to track the origin of substorms, which cause the appearance of auroras on Earth, within the Earth’s magnetic field.