This Week In Space History

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  Space News Business

This Week In Space History

posted: 17 January 2008
12:47 pm ET










Jan. 14



1960:

U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower reassigns the Army Ballistic Missile Agency’s Development Operations Division, headed by Wernher von Braun, to NASA.


1966:

The Soviet Union’s chief designer, SergeiKorolev, dies from complications stemming from routine surgery, leaving the Soviet space program without its most influential leader of the preceding 20 years.


1996:

Koreasat 2 launches on a Delta 2 rocket from Cape Canaveral, Fla. Identical to Koreasat




1,




the satellite was designed to provide direct broadcasting and fixed-station telecommunications across the Korean peninsula.


2004:

U.S. President George W. Bush announces




the Vision for Space Exploration, which




moves missions to the Moon and Mars to the top of




NASA’s priorities list.






Jan. 16



1958:

The Joint Congressional Committee on Atomic Energy creates




the Special Subcommittee on Outer Space Propulsion, chaired by Sen.




Clinton Anderson (D-N.M.).


2003:

The Space Shuttle Columbia, STS-107, launches from Kennedy Space Center, Fla., carrying aboard




the first Israeli astronaut, Ilan Ramon, to fly into space. Columbia disintegrated Feb. 1 upon re-entry, killing its entire seven-astronaut crew.




Jan. 19



1961:

NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory awards a




contract




to Hughes Aircraft Co. to build seven Surveyor spacecraft. The Surveyor spacecraft were designed to




soft land




on the Moon and




take observations of the lunar surface.


1965:

Gemini 2 launches from Kennedy Space Center, Fla., on a Titan 2 launch vehicle. It was the second unmanned test launch for NASA’s first multi-crew orbiter.




2006:

NASA’s New Horizons spacecraft launches on an Atlas 5 from Cape Canaveral, Fla. The spacecraft is slated to fly past Pluto and its moon Charon in July 2015.




Jan. 20





1961:

NASA’s Marshall Space Flight Center awards contracts to develop a paraglider recovery system for the Saturn rocket to North American Aviation and Ryan Aeronautical.