This Week In Space History

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  Space News Business

This Week In Space History

posted: 06 December 2007
02:20 pm ET

















Nov. 26



1985:

Rodolfo Neri Vela becomes the first Mexican citizen to reach




space during the STS-61B mission. Launched aboard the U.S. Space Shuttle Atlantis




from Kennedy Space Center, Fla., the




astronauts




released three communications satellites during their seven-day mission.




Nov. 28



1964:

NASA launches the Mariner 4 probe to Mars from Kennedy Space Center, Fla., aboard an Atlas Agena rocket. The probe performed the first successful flyby of the red planet.


1983:

The Space Shuttle Columbia launches from Kennedy Space, Center, Fla., carrying the first European Space Agency (ESA) astronaut, Ulf Merbold of Germany. The STS-9 mission released the ESA-NASA




Spacelab-1 orbital laboratory




.






Nov. 29



1961:

NASA launches the




Mercury-Atlas 5




from Cape Canaveral, Fla., carrying Enos, a chimpanzee, into orbit for nearly 90 minutes. The capsule was recovered successfully with Enos in excellent condition.


1967:

Australia launches its first satellite, Wresat 1, from Woomera, Australia, on a Sparta rocket – a modified U.S. Redstone




rocket. The 45-kilogram satellite




was built by the Australian Weapons Research Establishment.


2003:

Japan launches a pair of reconnaissance satellites for its Information Gathering Satellites program from Tanegashima Launch Center. Both were




destroyed by the control team when the H-2a rocket carrying them failed




.




Dec. 1



1960:

The Soviet Union launches the Sputnik 6 – also known as Korabl Sputnik 3 – spacecraft from BaikonurCosmodrome, Kazakhstan, on an SS-6 rocket. Carrying two dogs, Pchelka and Mushka, the 90-minute mission




was designed




to study the effects of space on organisms.




The mission failed when the cabin burned up on re-entry,




killing the dogs




.




Dec. 2





1993:

The U.S. Space Shuttle Endeavourlaunches from Kennedy Space Center, Fla. STS-61 performs a servicing mission on the Hubble Space Telescope.



1995:

The Solar and Heliospheric Observatory launches on an Atlas 2 rocket from Cape Canaveral Air Station, Fla. The joint NASA-




European Space Agency mission was designed to study the sun.