NASA launches the Surveyor 6 lunar lander
aboard an Atlas-Centaur rocket from Kennedy Space Center, Fla. It is the fourth in the lander series to
touch down successfully on the Moon.
NASA launches the Lunar Orbiter 2 aboard an Atlas-Agena D rocket from Kennedy Space Center, Fla. Its primary mission was to photograph and verify potential landing sites for the Apollo and Surveyor missions.
NASA holds a conference to take bids from contractors on the Mercury project.
NASA selects Grumman Aircraft Engineering Corp.
to build the lunar lander for the Apollo missions.
The United States begins its military ballistic missile program with the approval of the
intermediate-range ballistic missiles Jupiter and Thor
The Space Shuttle Discovery launches from Kennedy Space Center, Fla. During the STS-51A mission, the crew released
a U.S. defense communications satellite, Syncom 4-1, and a Canadian communications satellite, Telesat H. The crew also made the first satellite recovery, when they retrieved Palapa-B2 and Westar-6 and brought them aboard the shuttle to return to Earth for repairs.
NASA test launches the unmanned Apollo 4 capsule aboard a Saturn-5 rocket from Kennedy Space Center, Fla.
The European Space Agency’s Venus Express orbiter launches aboard a Russian Soyuz-Fregat from the BaikonurCosmodrome in Kazakhstan.
NASA launches the Gemini 12 orbiter aboard a Titan-2 rocket from Kennedy Space Center, Fla. Crewmembers James Lovell and Edwin “Buzz” Aldrin performed a 5-hour spacewalk but were unable to dock as planned with a Gemini Agena target vehicle because the
was not in the proper orbit.