Oct. 22


The Indian Space Research Organisation launches its Technology Experimental Satellite into a sun-synchronous orbit.

Oct. 24


Johns Hopkins University’s Applied Physics Laboratory launches a V-2 rocket from Wallops Island, Va. The rocket took moving pictures of the Earth from altitudes as high as 104.6 kilometers.


To rush the launch of a Mars probe before the Nov. 7 anniversary of the Bolshevik Revolution, Field Marshall MitrofanNedelin ignored several safety protocols. As a result

126 people are killed when the R-16 ICBM explodes at the BaikonurCosmodrome in Kazakhstan, during launch preparations, according to RussianSpaceWeb.com.


NASA’s Deep Space 1 launches from Kennedy Space Center, Fla. on a Delta rocket. It would eventually perform


flyby of Comet Borrelly.

Oct. 25


NASA announces the establishment of a national rocket test site in Hancock County Mississippi. Mississippi Test Operations (renamed John C. Stennis in 1998),

would become the test site for the Apollo program’s Saturn rocket boosters.


Piloted by Air Force Major Michael Love, the X-24 B becomes the fastest lifting body airframe reaching Mach 1.76 during a test flight from NASA’s Dryden Flight Research Center in Edwards, Calif.

Oct. 26


The U.S.S.R.’s Sputnik 1 ceases transmissions.

Oct. 27


Saturn 1, the rocket for the initial Apollo missions, launches successfully

for its first test

at Cape Canaveral, Fla.

Oct. 28


The Soviet Union’s Luna 23 spacecraft launches on a Proton rocket from the BaikonurCosmodrome.

Damage to some of its equipment during the lunar

landing leaves


unable to return a lunar soil sample.

Oct. 29


While on its way to Jupiter, the U.S. Galileo spacecraft flies past

the asteroid Gaspra, obtaining images and other data.