Piloted by Air Force Maj.
Arthur Murray, the Bell X-1B makes its first powered flight from Muroc Air Force Base, Calif.
The Wac Corporal rocket launches for the first time. The rocket, which launched from
White Sands Proving Ground in New Mexico, reached an altitude of 70,500 meters.
Pioneer 1 becomes the first spacecraft launched by NASA. Launched from Cape Canaveral, Fla., by a Thor-Able rocket, Pioneer 1 relayed data about the near Earth space environment,
including magnetic fields and cosmic rays. Originally it also was meant to provide similar data about the Moon, but a rocket malfunction sent it away from its intended lunar orbit.
Apollo 7, the first manned Apollo mission, launches on a Saturn 1 from Kennedy Space Center, Fla., for an 11-day mission in Earth orbit. The mission also featured the first live TV broadcast of humans in space.
Lockheed Martin completes the sale of its majority share in International Launch Services to Space Transport Inc., for $60 million.
The Soviet Union launches Voskhod 1, a modified Vostok orbiter with a three-person crew, from BaikonurCosmodrome, Kazakhstan.
In China’s second manned spaceflight, a
two-taikonaut crew launches aboard the Chinese Shenzhou 6 for an orbital mission.
The Soviet Union’s Soyuz 8 launches. The Soviet Union already had launched Soyuz 6 and Soyuz 7 Oct. 11 and Oct. 12, respectively. This marked the first time three spacecraft were in orbit simultaneously. All three launched from BaikonurCosmodrome, Kazakhstan.