Korea Telecom of Seoul, South Korea, launches the Lockheed Martin-built KoreaSat 3 telecommunications satellite.
Germany makes several unsuccessful attempts to launch its V2 rockets on London
during World War 2.
NASA’s Biosatellite 2 capsule is recovered. The biological capsule contained 13 biological and radiological experiments.
V2 rockets from two sites in an attack on
U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower dedicates NASA’s Marshall Space Center in Huntsville, Ala.
NASA’s Surveyor 5 launches on an Atlas Centaur rocket to the Moon. The lander takes soil samples and returns 19,000 photographs.
Space Shuttle Atlantis launches on a maintenance mission (STS-106) to the international space station.
Project Vanguard – a U.S. effort
to launch an artificial satellite and place it in Earth orbit – begins.
The Soviet Union’s Venera 11 is launched
to Venus, the first of two spacecraft that embarked on combination flyby lander missions.
Venera 12 is launched five days later. Both spacecraft were part of a Soviet-French collaboration known as the Signe 2 project. The French supplied gamma ray detectors for both spacecraft.
A Russian Zenit 2 rocket launches and subsequently crashes, destroying all 12 Loral-built satellites aboard. The payload had an estimated value of about