Multi-billionaire Jeffrey Bezos, founder and chief executive officer of Amazon.com, is in the rocket business. But details about the Bezos booster work — through his Blue Origin group — have been sketchy at best. Last month, however, Blue Origin began to reveal specifics about its rocket plans, discussing them in part during public meetings held in the Texas towns of Van Horn and Dell City.
The gatherings were held to determine if there are any public concerns about Blue Origin launch activities in the state. Such hearings are requirements of the National Environmental Protection Act, which takes into account noise, land use, geological impact and other issues.
That environmental assessment is tied to Blue Origin’s request for a license to operate its launch vehicle. The license would be issued by the U.S. Federal Aviation Administration’s Office of Commercial Space Transportation.
According to the Blue Origin Web site, the company is actively hiring. The group notes that since June 2003 it has more than doubled the size of its Seattle-based design team. “Blue personnel,” the Web site explains, have played key roles on a variety of vehicle development programs, such as the Delta Clipper-Experimental (DC-X), Sea Launch, the Kistler K-1, Beal Aerospace, space shuttle, Iridium and National Missile Defense.
Several Blue Origin officials took part in last month’s public meetings including Rob Meyerson, the project manager; Ed Rutkowski, launch operations manager; and Bruce Hicks, a company spokesman.
According to press accounts of the meetings carried in the Van Horn Advocate and Odessa American newspapers, these facts came to light:
- Blue Origin plans to design, build and operate a series of reusable launch vehicles. The first craft would take off and land vertically — be tested at various altitudes — and would eventually carry three or more astronauts to the edge of space.
- There will be incremental, step-by-step development of Blue Origin vehicles. Earliest date for flight testing could be in the fourth quarter of 2006 — a date that depends on vehicle and launch site readiness.
- Blue Origin expects to perform flight testing for three to five years before beginning regular commercial flights. During this early testing phase, the number of launches now anticipated would be less than 25 times a year, perhaps ramping up to that total within seven years.
- Launch vehicles will be fabricated in the Seattle area and trucked to the Texas launch complex.
The public meetings also allowed Blue Origin officials to apprise people in the area about the launch complex that the company intends to plant on Texas turf.
The launch site will be located on privately owned property . It will be situated some 48 kilometers north of Van Horn and eight kilometers east of State Highway 54. The closest private neighboring ranch home is over 11 kilometers from the Blue Origin launch complex, to the northwest.
The complex will be situated over 40 kilometers south of the Guadalupe Mountains National Park.
Blue Origin will put in a road from State Highway 54 into the fenced-off launch facility. The site itself will scale up to roughly eight kilometers by 10 kilometers in dimension. Early site development will include an administrative building, a vehicle processing building, an ordnance storage bunker and a rocket pad.
Construction of the site will start in early 2006 and take a year to complete. The self-sustaining complex is to include power generation, data handling, as well as water and sewer systems.
At the site, rocket rumbling is expected to be minimal. For those situated closest to the launch area on State Highway 54, it was explained that rocket blasts would equal the noise from a semi-truck passing on the highway — lasting about 15 seconds.
According to a Blue Origin document once posted on the company Web site, the group’s initial rocket design would comprise a propulsion module and a crew capsule. Hydrogen peroxide and kerosene are to be used as propellants.
The vehicle would be fully reusable, flying autonomously under control of on-board computers. There would be no ground control during nominal flight conditions.
Lifting off vertically from a concrete pad, the craft would land vertically in an area near the launch pad. That flight profile is common to the trajectory flown by the Pentagon- and NASA-sponsored DC-X reusable launch vehicle that was flight tested in the 1990s.
The DC-X was built under contract at McDonnell Douglas and repeatedly flew from the White Sands Missile Range in New Mexico starting in the early 1990s.