Sierra Nevada Corp. completed a preliminary design review (PDR) of its Dream Chaser spaceplane, NASA officials announced June 6. The review vetted the planned spacecraft’s entire orbital flight program, including its mission and ground systems.
The design review came just a week after the Dream Chaser’s first flight test, during which a heavy-lift helicopter carried a full-scale model of the vehicle through the skies near Denver to test its aerodynamic performance.
“Our program includes 12 industrial partners, seven NASA centers and three universities from over 20 states who helped us achieve two major program milestones this week,” said Mark Sirangelo, head of Sierra Nevada’s Space Systems group, in a statement. “With the completion of PDR and the beginning of our vehicle’s flight test program, the Dream Chaser program has now entered the next phase of its development.”
The Dream Chaser, which looks like a miniature version of NASA’s space shuttle, is designed to carry up to seven astronauts. It will launch vertically atop a United Launch Alliance Atlas 5 rocket and land horizontally on a runway, like a plane.
Sierra Nevada officials are hoping to conduct the first approach and landing tests with the Dream Chaser later this summer, and they have said the vehicle should be operational by 2016.
The Louisville, Colo.-based Sierra Nevada Space Systems is one of four companies that have received funding over the last two years from NASA’s Commercial Crew Program, which seeks to spur the development of private American spacecraft capable of carrying astronauts to the international space station. The other three firms to get money are Blue Origin of Kent, Wash.; Boeing Space Exploration of Houston; and Space Exploration Technologies Corp. (SpaceX) of Hawthorne, Calif.
NASA hopes at least two of these companies can have vehicles up and running by 2017. After the retirement of the space shuttle program last year, the agency became dependent on Russian Soyuz vehicles to ferry astronauts to and from low Earth orbit.
Blue Origin is developing a biconic craft called the Space Vehicle, while Boeing and SpaceX are working on capsules, called the CST-100 and Dragon, respectively.
In May, Dragon became the first private vehicle to dock with the space station during a historic demonstration mission that aimed to determine if the capsule was ready to start making a series of 12 robotic cargo runs to the orbiting lab for NASA.
SpaceX is also developing a manned version of Dragon, which it hopes will start carrying astronauts within the next three years or so. Blue Origin and Boeing are also making good progress, NASA officials said.
“As [the Commercial Crew Program] partners meet these critical milestones, we are moving in the right direction in our combined effort to advance commercial capabilities that could eventually transport NASA astronauts,” NASA commercial crew program manager Ed Mango said.