HOUSTON — With NASA set to announce April 12 where its space shuttles will be retired for public display, museums nationwide are putting forth their final pitches as to why they should be bestowed an orbiter.
Museums in New York and Chicago recently revealed new concepts for their planned exhibits, while in Seattle officials are raising their profile by literally raising the walls for a space shuttle-sized gallery.
Elsewhere, astronauts, elected officials and others with a vested interest in where the shuttles are going are making their voices heard.
NASA Administrator Charles, whose responsibility it is to make the final decision, told Congress in March that he has had a team evaluating potential homes for the shuttles Discovery, Atlantis and Endeavour as well as the prototype Enterprise.
“I have asked that team to bring that to a head … so that I can announce a decision on the 30th anniversary of the flight of STS-1, Columbia, [on] April 12th,” Bolden told the House Appropriations commerce, justice, science subcommittee.
NASA Headquarters has confirmed that an event of some type will be held April 12, but the specific details as to how the announcement will unfold are still being decided.
Twenty-nine organizations expressed interest in displaying an orbiter in response to the space agency’s first request for proposals in 2008. Since then, eight have dropped out, leaving 21 museums, science centers and visitor centers vying for a retired shuttle.
The Windy City beneath its wings
Approximately half of the nearly two dozen shuttle suitors have released designs for how they would display a retired orbiter.
Only the Smithsonian Institution’s National Air and Space Museum, which currently houses the prototype Enterprise at its Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center in Chantilly, Va., has its display ready. Promised Discovery since 2008, the Smithsonian plans to wheel out Enterprise and wheel in its flown-in-space orbiter counterpart.
For the others, if they are chosen to receive Atlantis or Endeavour (or the soon-to-be-displaced Enterprise) they will need to make room, literally. Most have proposed erecting a new building or hangar to fulfill NASA’s requirement that the shuttle be displayed indoors.
The latest to reveal its idea for how it would house a shuttle has been the Adler Planetarium in Chicago.
Described as an “inspirational rendering” rather than being the final design, the Adler’s proposed state-of-the-art glass pavilion is shown in an artist’s concept as suspending the shuttle well above visitor’s heads.
“In one direction, the shuttle would be framed looking out over Lake Michigan, and in the other direction, it would face Chicago’s beautiful skyline,” Adler President Paul H. Knappenberger Jr. said in a statement.
Big Apple’s shuttle bid
The Adler is not the only museum that has plans for a glass home for its shuttle.
The Intrepid Sea, Air and Space Museum, which itself is a converted aircraft carrier that once recovered Mercury and Gemini capsules post-splashdown, was one of the first to release its designs for how to house an orbiter. Located in New York, the Intrepid recently revised its conceptual artwork for a glass-walled hangar to be located alongside the pier where it is berthed.
The Intrepid’s new designs now call for the shuttle’s cargo bay doors to be open and for spacesuit-clad astronauts to be working with a satellite held by the orbiter’s robotic arm.
Like the Adler, the Intrepid stresses that its idea is just a concept for now and is subject to change. But not all the museums competing with them are waiting for a shuttle to arrive to start building.
The National Museum of the U.S. Air Force in Dayton, Ohio, has been refining its design for a new hangar since before NASA announced it was seeking proposals. Recently, the Boeing Co. announced it was donating $5 million for construction of the facility.
And in Seattle, the first wall of a new Space Shuttle Gallery has already been erected adjacent to the Museum of Flight. The 1,400-square-meter building is scheduled to be completed this fall, well ahead of when the first orbiters are expected to be ready for delivery.
While a picture (or space shuttle display concept) may be worth a thousand words, those seeking to back favorite shuttle venues have been espousing that much and more.
From New York to Dayton, Chicago to Seattle, newspaper editorial columns have been filled by those explaining why a shuttle should come to their city.
In many cases, those making the argument have been the area’s elected officials.
In Texas, where Space Center Houston is competing for a shuttle to display for Johnson Space Center, a delegation including Democratic Rep. Sheila Jackson Lee has been reaching out to President Barack Obama and others to make the case to “bring the shuttle home” to Houston.
“Recent reports indicate that the City of Houston is at or near the bottom of a short list … to host a public display of the space shuttle orbiter,” reads the delegation’s letter to the White House, as it appeared in the Houston Chronicle. “We respectfully submit that denying … Johnson Space Center and the City of Houston the honor of displaying an orbiter would … create a blemish on its significance to the legacy of NASA as it closes this chapter in its history.”
Also hoping for Houston is the NASA astronaut who will be commanding the final flight of the space shuttle program.
“Believe me, I don’t get a vote. I wish I did,” commander Chris Ferguson said. “I’d like to think that one would come here to Houston.”
“To me, [Houston] is the center of the human spaceflight universe. And I think it would be disappointing for Houston not to get one,” said the leader of the STS-135 crew. “We understand there’s a lot of competing priorities, but I would personally like to see one come to Houston.”
Greg H. Johnson, who will pilot the final flight for shuttle Endeavour, STS-134, said he feels both Johnson and Kennedy space centers are deserving, and it “makes sense” for one to go to the Smithsonian, but his personal desire is for a shuttle to land in Ohio.
“I went to high school in the Dayton area, and the National Museum of the Air Force, it’s got a lot of cool vehicles,” Johnson said in an interview. “That would be a beautiful place, and a huge facility and centrally located within the country. That would be a neat place for Endeavour to end up.”
Even Bolden has shared his personal choices.
“If I were not the NASA administrator, I would say the places that should get an orbiter are Houston [and] the Cape,” Bolden told KTRK-TV in Houston. “Any place that played a vital role in the design, development and operation of space shuttle.”
But as Bolden explained to the ABC affiliate, as the head of the space agency, he needed to consider other factors, including which venues would attract the most visitors and which could afford the $28.8 million required to make the orbiter safe for display and to transport it to the site.
“Even if I use that as criteria, I don’t have enough orbiters. I have four. I can think of six to 10 places that really ought to get one,” Bolden said.