Discovery Astronauts Participate in Practice Launch Abort

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Discovery Astronauts Participate in Practice Launch Abort
By TARIQ MALIK
Space News Correspondent
posted: 10 May 2005
10:05 am ET

The seven astronauts slated to liftoff aboard NASA’s first space shuttle to fly in more than two years evacuated the shuttle Discovery May 4 in a mock launch abort that was conducted during a dress rehearsal for the liftoff.

With just four seconds left in their simulated countdown, the astronauts and launch controllers for NASA’s STS-114 mission halted the launch after computers in the simulation detected a main engine cutoff. The astronauts then exited the shuttle and rehearsed procedures to ride slide wire baskets away from the launch site at Pad 39B here at NASA’s Kennedy Space Center (KSC).

“We had a very good test today,” said Eileen Collins, STS-114 mission commander, during a post-test briefing. “It felt to me like a real launch date.”

Collins, a three-spaceflight veteran, and her STS-114 crew are currently scheduled to launch toward the international space station no earlier than July 13. Their flight is NASA’s first shuttle mission scheduled to fly since the 2003 Columbia disaster that led to the loss of that orbiter and its STS-107 crew.

NASA had previously targeted a launch window opening May 22 for Discovery, before pushing to July to allow more time for external tank checks, ice debris evaluation and contaminated thermal blankets on the orbiter. It was launch debris — a suitcase-sized chunk of external tank insulation — that damaged Columbia’s left wing, allowing hot gases to seep in during re-entry and ultimately destroy the orbiter, investigators found.

But Discovery’s launch delay will come in handy for the shuttle’s crew, the astronauts said.

“It helps keep us moving and working ahead [and] helps us point out our weak areas,” Collins said, adding that she and her crew are committed to launch. “Yes we have had a delay … we will fly.”

Under cloudy skies, the STS-114 astronauts walked out of their crew quarters in orange flight suits and boarded the AstroVan bus that would carry them to the launch pad where Discovery and its propulsion stack currently sit .

The launch rehearsal, a standard activity that precedes every shuttle launch, is called a Terminal Countdown Demonstration Test (TCDT). “We never did the TCDT for our original launch,” said Collins, adding that the STS-114 mission originally was set to launch in March 2003 but was rescheduled following the Columbia accident. “We stopped training.”

While Discovery’s crew reported to the launch pad at about 7:45 a.m. EDT, the simulated countdown actually began a day earlier — at 8 a.m. EDT May 3 — for the mission’s launch team.

“The thought did go through my mind today that the last crew that strapped in at the launch pad was the STS-107 crew,” Collins said. “So we were very focused coming out of this test to make sure that every little detail is being considered.”

The first significant glitch occurred at about 8:52 a.m. EDT when launch controllers were unable to communicate with Discovery’s mid-deck crew. After replacing a communications box and resetting a switch, the problem was solved.

The poor weather, however, persisted and would have ultimately violated shuttle flight rules on launch day, NASA officials said. A second communication problem, this one between launch controllers and the Eastern Range that tracks the shuttle after liftoff also persisted, and also would have posed a dilemma.

“We’re not going to troubleshoot the range problem any more today, but on launch day that would be an issue because it is a requirement for launch,” said NASA spokesman George Diller, who provided mission commentary during the mock launch attempt.

Wednesday’s launch abort test capped four days of flight procedure and emergency training for the STS-114 crew, which the astronauts said was a motivating experience as they worked toward a July launch.

“We’re going to get the shuttle flying, we’ll get the international space station built and onto our exploration agenda,” Collins said. “This is a very short delay in the big picture and we need to do it right.”