Solar flare protons and energetic electrons affect satellites, avionics and Earth's magnetic field. Credit: NASA
Harris Corp. built the primary carbon observation sensor for Japan's Greenhouse Gases Observing Satellite-2, launched in October on a Mitsubishi Heavy Industries H2A rocket. Credit: JAXA artist's concept
The Amazon River basin and its tributaries are clearly visible in this imagery from the Cyclone Global Navigation Satellite System. Credit: Clara Chew, University Corporation for Atmospheric Research
Through GOES Rebroadcast, NOAA transmits full-resolution calibrated images and data to customers, like the images from Harris Corp.'s Advanced Baseline Imager shown here. This is the type of service that could be handled by commercial communications firms in the future. Credit: Harris
DMSP satellite. Credit: U.S. Air Force/Lockheed Martin artist's concept
The U.S. Air Force is eager to obtain more data on space weather which its 557th Weather Wing based at Offutt Air Force Base in Nebraska uses to produce forecasts and analyze space weather events. Credit: Air Force
Gary Partyka, who works at the NASA Goddard Space Flight Center under a contract with Science Systems and Applications Inc., shows a 2017 simulation of hurricanes and aerosols at the 2019 American Meteorological Society conference in Phoenix. Credit: SpaceNews/Debra Werner